Conditions Pain Management

Tiny fractures can develop in the spine, and when enough of them occur, they can eventually cause the vertebral body to weaken and eventually collapse. When it is significant enough that it causes a vertebral body to decrease in height by 15 to 20 percent, it is called a spina...

Epidural fibrosis is the excessive production of scar tissue near the root of a nerve. Most commonly it can occur following spinal surgery. Epidural fibrosis develops as scar tissue adheres to the nerve root during the months after surgery.

Epidural fibrosis can occur...

Overview

An epidural steroid injection treats nerve irritation caused by nearby tissues pressing on the nerve. The inflamed nerve root is bathed in steroids, an anti-inflammation medicine, to decrease the irritation of the nerve root that is causing th...

An extremity is a limb or appendage of the body such as the hands, legs or feet. Some extremity pain can develop over time, due to wear and tear and the effects of aging. Other types of extremity pain can come on suddenly. Extremity pain may be referred to as either “lower” o...

After any spine surgery, a percentage of patients still may experience pain. This is called failed back or failed fusion syndrome, which is characterized by uncontrollable pain and an inability to return to normal activities. Surgery may be able to fix the condition but not el...